AMD (English: age-related macular degeneration – AMD) is an age-related macular degeneration which is a disease of the eye fundus around so called macula lutea. Macula lutea is part of the retina responsible for seeing details, reading, distinguishing colors. When aging the eye loses the ability of removing the residues of chemical processes occurring in it. The residues cause degeneration by being disposed under the retina. In the place of receptors deficiency – the central point – a black spot is seen. Untreated degeneration that the vision impeding black spot gradually enlarges. The disease usually affects both eyes but it can also appear asymmetrically. It usually reveals itself after 50-60 years of age.
AMD has two forms: dry and wet.
The dry form of AMD (the most frequent, about 90% of all cases) it has a milder course, and changes in the eye are progressing gradually.
It is treated with dietary supplements containing lutein, zeaxanthin, vitamins A, C, E and microelements – mostly selenium, zinc and copper. It is also recommended to change diet and introduce into it products rich in lutein and zeaxanthin (e.g. kale, spinach, parsley, lamb, Brussels sprouts, green peppers, pumpkin and others).
Wet form of AMD – 10% of all cases – it has a much heavier and rapid course. Severe deterioration of vision can occur within a few days. It is caused by ingrowth of blood vessels under the retina and repeated extravasation and fluid accumulation under the retina. Even though changes in the diet and dietary supplements are recommended, it is treated mostly with new generation medications – injections into the eye which allow to stop the disease and sometimes even reverse the symptoms.
If you notice that you have problems with reading, with recognizing faces and road signs and straight lines start to go crooked do not wait and go to see an ophthalmologist as soon as possible. In the vast majority of cases the AMD progression can be stopped or the disease can be healed.