Orthoptics is a discipline in eye healthcare specializing in the assessment, diagnosis and non-surgical management of eye disorders, such as low vision, strabismus and binocular vision disfunctions in children and adults.

We provide diagnosis and treatment of binocular vision disfunctions and low vision, as well as eye movement disorders in children and adolescents.

We also provide therapy for people with learning disabilities, and we diagnose and train patients with reading and writing problems.

Our aim is to apply an appropriate method of orthoptic therapy, as well as to select appropriate exercises tailored to the needs of young and adult patients.

An appointment with an orthoptist is recommended when a patient:

  • suffers from headaches when doing visual work ,
  • tilts their head to one side while reading and writing,
  • skips letters when reading or writing,
  • has illegible handwriting,
  • confuses letters that have similar shapes (the so-called ‘mirror image’),
  • has problems with transcribing text from a schoolboard (slow pace and errors),
  • gets tired quickly when work involves focusing eyes on close objects,
  • closes, rubs or squints their eyes,
  • has difficulty judging distance,
  • has difficulty understanding and remembering the text that has been read to them,
  • has difficulty reading fluently,
  • complains about blurry vision,
  • reports continuous or occasional double vision,
  • complains about concentration problems during long reading and writing sessions.

Orthoptic therapy is used to develop, improve and train proper visual abilities. It aims at:

  • reduction of the angle of strabismus
  • improvement of visual acuity
  • obtaining or improving binocular vision
  • development of eyeball mobility

Systematic orthoptic exercises improve visual function, which has a strong impact on improving patients’ quality of life.

Orthoptic exercises play an important part in the treatment of strabismus and pre- and post-operative rehabilitation. However, they cannot replace refractive correction or surgical treatment, if they are necessary.


During an orthoptic appointment we perform:

  • distant and near visual acuity test,
  • cover test (alternate blindfold test),
  • examination of binocular vision and strabismus angle on a synoptophore,
  • examination of eye movements, including convergence,
  • stereoscopic vision test,
  • retinal fixation test,
  • eye accommodation test.

Depending on the needs, we recommend different therapies:

  • pleoptic exercises used in the treatment of low vision and amblyopia,
  • orthoptic exercises for training binocular vision,
  • eye mobility exercises,
  • convergence exercises,
  • eye coordination exercises: eye-hand.

We also offer:

  • exercises for patients before and after surgical procedures for various types of strabismus,
  • guidance and instructions for children and parents including exercises to do at home.

How to prepare for the appointment:

  • Patients who wear corrective glasses should bring them to the appointment.
  • Patients should bring the results of previous eye examinations to the appointment.
  • Orthoptic examination does not require a referral.

Important! Parents are welcome to accompany their child into the treatment area during the examination and throughout the entire appointment.

At Retina, we do realize that our little patients must be given all the care and patience. Thus, during the examination we take care to ensure pleasant and friendly atmosphere.